Routing and controllers


The role of a controller is to respond to a HTTP request and construct a response. See the routing docs on how to direct HTTP requests to a controller action.


Getting started

Here's a basic example controller that extends the base controller included with the framework.


namespace app\http\controllers;

use mako\http\routing\Controller;

class Home extends Controller
	public function welcome()
		return 'Hello, world!';


Passing parameters to your controller actions is easy. Just define a route with the parameters you need and add the corresponding parameters to your method.

$routes->get('/articles/{id}', [Article::class, 'view']);

Note that it is important that that the method parameter has the same name as the route parameter.

public function view($id)
	return $id;

Controller helpers

If you're extending the Mako base controller then you'll get a set of useful convenience methods for free.

File response

The fileResponse method returns a file response sender. The file download will be resumable, something that can be very useful when downloading large files.

return $this->fileResponse('/path/to/file.ext');

You can set a custom file name, mime type, content disposition and a closure to be executed after a completed download using a set of chainable methods.

Method name Description
setName The file name sent to the client
setDisposition Content-disposition (default is attachment)
setType The framework will try to detect the mime type for you but you can override it using this method
done Closure that will be executed when the download has been completed
return $this->fileResponse('/path/to/file.ext')->setName('foo.ext')->setType('text/plain');

Note that any errors that happen in the closure will not be displayed as it happens after the output has been sent to the client. You'll have to check your logs for errors.

Redirect response

The redirectResponse method returns a redirect response sender.

return $this->redirectResponse('');

The method also allows you to use a route name instead of an URL.

return $this->redirectResponse('articles.view', ['id' => 10]);

The default status code is set to 302 (Found) but you can override it by using the chainable setStatus method.

// You can set the status using the Status enum

return $this->redirectResponse('')->setStatus(Status::FOUND);

// Or by passing a valid status code integer

return $this->redirectResponse('')->setStatus(302);

It is also possible to use the following methods to set and get the status code.

Method name Description
movedPermanently Sets the status code to 301
found Sets the status code to 302
seeOther Sets the status code to 303
temporaryRedirect Sets the status code to 307
permanentRedirect Sets the status code to 308
getStatus Returns the status code

Stream response

The streamResponse method returns a stream response sender. They can be useful when sending large amounts data as the data will be flushed to the client in chunks, thus minimizing your application memory usage.

It also allows you to begin transmitting dynamically-generated content before knowing the total size of the content.

return $this->streamResponse(function ($stream) {
	$stream->flush('Hello, world!');


	$stream->flush('Hello, world!');
}, 'text/plain');

You can also set and get the content type and character set using the following methods.

Method name Description
setType Sets the content type
getType Returns the content type
setCharset Sets the character set
getCharset Returns the character set

Stream responses might not always work as expected as some webservers and reverse proxies will buffer the output before sending it.

JSON response

The jsonResponse method returns a JSON response builder. It will convert the provided data to JSON and set the correct content type header.

return $this->jsonResponse([1, 2, 3]);

If you want your API endpoint to be able to serve JSONP as well then you'll have to chain the asJsonpWith method.

return $this->jsonResponse([1, 2, 3])->asJsonpWith('callback');

You can also set and get the character set and status code using the following methods.

Method name Description
setCharset Sets the character set
getCharset Returns the character set
setStatus Sets the status code
getStatus Returns the status code

Controller events

All controllers have two special methods. The beforeAction method which gets executed right before the controller action and the afterAction method which gets executed right after the controller action.

The controller action and afterAction methods will be skipped if the beforeAction returns data.

public function beforeAction()
	if ($this->gatekeeper->isGuest()) {
		return $this->redirectResponse('user:login');

Note that a controller action and its after action will not be executed if the before action returns data.

Dependency injection

Controllers are instantiated by the dependency injection container. This makes it easy to inject your dependencies using the constructor.


namespace app\http\controllers;

use mako\http\routing\Controller;
use mako\view\ViewFactory;

class Articles extends Controller
	public function __construct(
		protected ViewFactory $view
	) {

You can also inject your dependencies directly into a method since controller actions are executed by the Container::call() method.

public function view(ViewFactory $view, $id)
	return $view->render('article', ['id' => $id]);

Controllers that extends the framework base controller are also container aware. You can read more about what this means here.